1400 North 19th Street
Clarksburg, WV 26301
Mary Lou Fusco M.S., CCC/SLP
Degrees and Certifications:
B.S. Speech Pathology & Audiology
M.S. Speech Pathology
Certificate of Clinical Competency (CCC-SLP)
Parents, listed below are the speech sound guidelines for Harrison County Schools. If your child is not able to correctly say a sound by the age listed below, and their articulation affects his/her educational performance, they may qualify for speech therapy services at school.
P, B, M, H, N, W
T, D, K, G, F, V
L, SH, CH, J
S, Z, ZH (as in measure)
As you already know, communication involves more than just articulation. At school, children need to be able to understand language to follow classroom directions, effectively express themselves to others using age/grade-level vocabulary, grammar, and sentence structure, and be able to ask and answer a variety of questions in order to be successful learners. They also need to be able to speak fluently without pauses or repetitions (stuttering) and use a quality of voice that is appropriate for their age and gender.
Upon entering school for the first time, your child’s speech and language skills are screened. Any sound errors which are still yet considered to be developmental in nature are then tracked from grade level to grade level until your child acquires correct production of each sound at its expected age level. If your child is either incorrectly producing sounds for a child his or her age, demonstrating below grade level expected language skills, is dysfluent when s/he speaks, or exhibits a voice quality inappropriate for their age or gender, I will request your permission to further evaluate your child to determine their eligibility to receive speech-language therapy services.
Please feel free to contact me either by phone or e-mail regarding any concerns or questions that you may have regarding your child’s speech and language development.
Recommendations for Parents to Implement at Home to Help Increase Speech/Language Skills:
For speech activities to do at home, books are the best! You can read books with your child and ask questions about the pages, even if it just asking him/her to identify one picture on each page. For example, when reading "Brown Bear, Brown Bear", read the book and talk about each page. For example when reading "I see a red bird looking at me" (turn page to see red bird) and say "here's the red bird", "it's flying in the sky," "look how big the wings are." Make sure your child is able to understand what you are reading by asking questions requiring him/her just to point ("show me the red bird", "where is the wing?"). To help your child express themselves ask questions requiring them to speak ("what color is the bird?", "where does he fly?"). If it is difficult for your child to come up with the answers on their own, give them choices ("where does he fly?...in the water or in the sky?"). To help with articulation, ask your child to label pictures that have their targeted speech sound on them (so if your child is working on saying the /f/ sound ask them to label the feet, face, fur, feathers, etc.). For each page, keep the sentences simple. On the last page of Brown Bear, have your child point to all the animals as you name them in random order. Also, read favorite books over and over and encourage him/her to join in with words he/she knows will come next. Encourage pretend reading (letting your child "read" a book to you).
Play verbal games, such as:
- Guess What (Guess what has sharp teeth and orange/black stripes?)
- Yes or No ("Dogs have 2 feet", child says "no")
- Which One Doesn't Belong and Why?: ("apple, milk, banana")
- Categories: "sock, shirt, pants" (child says "clothes")
- Categories: Parent says "clothes", child says "socks, pants, shirts"
- "Hotter/Colder": hide something and guide with clues
- I Spy
- Play "Simon Says". Start out by being "Simon", giving directions like "touch your nose", "touch the floor", "clap your hands", "walk to the door" and work up to harder ones like "touch your knees and clap your hands", "put a jelly bean under the napkin," etc. Playing with older siblings/friends is great. Then have your child be "Simon" and help him to give the directions if needed.
There are a lot of board games that are wonderful for developing vocabulary and language. Some of our favorites include: Memory, Zingo, Pictionary Jr., Cranium Cariboo, Cranium Balloon Lagoon, Sequence for Kids, and Cat in the Hat I Can Do That! Game, Apples to Apples (Jr. Edition too), and Guess Who Extra.
There is a website, http://playonwords.com/ with lists of books, games, and toys that are recognized as ones that encourage language (look for the “all PAL Award winners” link on the left). Consider these items when it is time to shop for birthdays or holidays.
Speech and Language Websites
American Speech and Hearing Association: http://www.asha.org/
Articulation Games: http://www.quia.com/pages/havemorefun.html
Articulation Worksheets/Process of Articulation Therapy Information: http:www.mommyspeechtherapy.com
Language and Word Games: http://www.quia.com/pages/havefun.html
Sequencing Games: http://www.quia.com/pages/sequencingfun.html